Elements and The Periodic Table Practice

1. True or false: The periodic table organizes the elements into groups (columns) that have similar properties.

True.
False.
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2. Elements are identified by

The number of protons.
The number of neutrons.
The number of electrons.
All of the above.
None of the above.
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3. The integers associated with each element on the periodic table are the:

Number of protons.
Number of neutrons.
Number of electrons.
None of the above.
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4. True or false: Chemical properties are determined by the electrons in the atom.

True.
False.
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5. True or false: All atoms will tend toward having the same number of electrons as one of the noble gases.

True.
False.
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6. Elements in the first column:

Tend to gain one electron.
Tend to lose one electron.
Tend to lose two electrons.
All of the above.
None of the above.
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7. Elements in the second column:

Tend to gain one electron.
Tend to lose one electron.
Tend to lose two electrons.
All of the above.
None of the above.
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8. Elements in the next to last column (Fluorine, F, on top):

Tend to gain one electron.
Tend to lose one electron.
Tend to lose two electrons.
All of the above.
None of the above.
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9. The charges that are most likely for K, Ba, and Cl are:

+1, +2, +1
+2, +1, +1
+1, +2, -1
+2, +1, -1
None of the above.
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10. Which elements are the most similar?

C and N
Na and Cl
Mg and Sr
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